Home » Mammals of Sierra Leone: Hippopotamus, Common Chimpanzee, Pygmy Hippopotamus, African Buffalo, African Bush Elephant, Marsh Mongoose by Source Wikipedia
Mammals of Sierra Leone: Hippopotamus, Common Chimpanzee, Pygmy Hippopotamus, African Buffalo, African Bush Elephant, Marsh Mongoose Source Wikipedia

Mammals of Sierra Leone: Hippopotamus, Common Chimpanzee, Pygmy Hippopotamus, African Buffalo, African Bush Elephant, Marsh Mongoose

Source Wikipedia

Published August 19th 2011
ISBN : 9781233112524
Paperback
26 pages
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 About the Book 

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 25. Chapters: Hippopotamus, Common Chimpanzee, Pygmy Hippopotamus, African buffalo, African Bush Elephant, MarshMorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 25. Chapters: Hippopotamus, Common Chimpanzee, Pygmy Hippopotamus, African buffalo, African Bush Elephant, Marsh Mongoose, African Manatee, Jentinks Duiker, Bay Duiker, Yellow-backed Duiker, Red-flanked Duiker. Excerpt: The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, from the ancient Greek for river horse (), is a large, mostly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other is the Pygmy Hippopotamus.) After the elephant, the hippotamus is the largest land mammal and the heaviest extant artiodactyl, despite being considerably shorter than the giraffe. The hippopotamus is semi-aquatic, inhabiting rivers, lakes and West African mangrove swamps where territorial bulls preside over a stretch of river and groups of 5 to 30 females and young. During the day they remain cool by staying in the water or mud- reproduction and childbirth both occur in water. They emerge at dusk to graze on grass. While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. Despite their physical resemblance to pigs and other terrestrial even-toed ungulates, their closest living relatives are cetaceans (whales, porpoises, etc.) from which they diverged about . The common ancestor of whales and hippos split from other even-toed ungulates around . The earliest known hippopotamus fossils, belonging to the genus Kenyapotamus in Africa, date to around . The hippopotamus is recognizable by its barrel-shaped torso, enormous mouth and teeth, nearly hairless body, stubby legs and tremendous size. It is the third largest land mammal by weight (between 1 and 3 tonnes), behind the white rhinoceros (1 to 3 tonnes) and the three species of elephant (3 to 9 tonnes). The hippopotamus is one of the largest quadrupeds (four legged m...